Drug addiction or substance use disorder is one of the biggest social evils. This disease affects a person’s brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. Drug addiction can start with experimental use of a recreational drug in social situations, and, for some people, the drug use becomes more frequent. The risk of addiction and how fast one becomes addicted to it varies from drug to drug. Some drugs, such as opioid painkillers, have a higher risk and cause addiction more quickly than others. As time passes, one may need larger doses of the drug to get high. Soon, the person starts consuming the drug just to feel good. As the drug use increases, the person may find that it extremely difficult to go without the drug. Attempts to stop drug use may cause intense cravings and can make the addict feel physically ill because of withdrawal symptoms. Drug abuse has a devastating social impact upon community life. It has adverse effects on industry, education and training and the family, as well as it contributes to violence, crime, financial problems, housing problems, and homelessness. There are few ways to overcome drug addiction. Surrounding yourself with supportive people is one of them. To stay sober, one should find friends who are sober, too.  Other ways to cope with drug addiction include finding new hobbies as staying busy is the best way to keep one’s mind off drugs. Working out also helps in coping as when the person’s physical health improves, it will experience the “natural high” of endorphins, which can elevate their mood. And an exercise routine creates a structure to your days, helping to reduce your risk of a relapse. Eating well and mediating play a major role in coping with the addiction. Recovery from drug addiction is hard, and there’s no shame in asking for extra help from a medical professional when you need it. Physicians and behavioral therapists can help in coping.

Another biggest social evil in our society is Dowry System. It is originated because of illiteracy and ignorance. It refers to the durable goods, cash, and real or movable property that the bride’s family gives to the groom, his parents and his relatives as a condition of the marriage. Dowry is essentially in the nature of a payment in cash or some kind of gifts given to the groom’s family along with the bride and includes cash, jewellery, electrical appliances, furniture, crockery, utensils, vehicles and other household items that help the newlyweds set up their home. It can put great financial burden on the bride’s family. In some cases, the dowry system leads to crime against women, ranging from emotional abuse and injury to even deaths. The payment of dowry has long been prohibited under specific Indian laws including the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 and subsequently by Sections 304B and 498A of the Indian Penal Code.

Education is the primary compound of growth in any nation. Lack of education leads to irresponsible decisions leading to financial exploitation from a marriage relation. It is one of the major ways to eradicate the dowry system. Another way to prevent dowry is by making women self-dependent. Ensuring employment opportunities for the female sector and making education feasible to them will help ensure annihilation of dowry system from the society. In the long run, legislations will turn out to be effective, if crimes are reported, and a well-educated society inclusive of self-dependent women will ensure robust reporting of dowry related crimes. Other ways to fight this social evil include Mass Media Campaigning. Almost every single revolution owes its origins to media campaigns. Yet again, the dowry system asks for a revolution. Media holds the potential to remove dowry system from the mainstream Indian society. By publishing related news and making the authorities aware of any reported case of dowry related crime, they can keep an effective check upon the prospects. Enhancing information interchange is the first step to a well-aware community and media is the perfect medium for the task.]

According to UNICEF, child labour activities are defined as someone between 5 and 11 years of age, he or she did at least one hour of economic activity or at least 28 hours of domestic work in a week, and in case of children between 12 and 14 years of age, he or she did at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 42 hours of economic activity and domestic work per week. It deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and is harmful to their physical and mental development. It also Interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work. The Indian government has enacted a excess of acts, laws, organizations, and institutions to combat the overwhelming prominence of child labour. Some of the initiatives include the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act which is a piece of legislation that prohibits the engagement of children in certain employment  and regulates the conditions of work of children; the National Policy on Child Labour seeks to adopt a sequential approach with focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations & processes in the first instance; and the Ministry of Labour and employment functions to provide and supervise a range of policies concerning child labor in India. Furthermore, as reported by Osment, NGOs such as Care India, Child Rights and You, Global March against Child Labour have been implemented to combat child labour through education and accessibility to resources.

by Priyanka Jaisingh