Human rights are rights which exists simply because we human beings exist. Human rights cannot be granted by any of the states. Human rights are provided universally which are inherited to all the people, irrespective of their nationality, sex, ethnic origin, caste, color, religion, language, or any other status. They range from the most basic fundamental- “The right to live” – to those that make life worth living, such as the rights to have food, get educated, work, health, and liberty.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, which was the first written legal document which was set out for the fundamental human rights which was to be universally protected. The UDHR, turned 73 in 2021, and still continues to be the international foundation for all the law related to human rights. Its has 30 articles which provides us with all the principles and the building blocks of our current and the future human rights conventions along with all the treaties and other legal instruments.

The principle of universality of human rights is the roots of international human rights law, which means that we all are equally entitled to get our human rights. This principle, as first mentioned in the UDHR, has been repeated in many international human rights conventions, declarations as well as resolutions.

Human rights are inalienable. They should not and cannot be taken away from any individual, except in specific situations and according to due process. For example, the right to liberty will be restricted for a person who is found guilty in the court of law for a crime.

All human rights are interdependence and also indivisible to each other, that is one particular right cannot be fully enjoyed without the other rights. For example, if civil and political rights are making progress then it is simpler to exercise the economical, social and cultural rights. Similarly, violating the economical, social and the cultural rights can negatively affect many other rights.