What is alcoholism?

Alcoholism is an inability to manage drinking habits, it is a primary , chronic disease with genetic , psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations.

The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequence, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial.

It is a social evil as it ruins an individual’s role in society.

Causes and effects of alcoholism:

The terrible condition of alcoholism can result from multiple internal and external factors , including genetic dispositions, environment , and social pressure.

The most difficult cause of alcoholism is genetic predisposition to alcoholism. studies by the national institute of alcohol abuse and alcoholism show that about half the risk of developing an alcohol use disorder (AUD) is genetic. There are genes that make one more susceptible to overconsumption and use of alcohol.

Alcohol interferes with the brain’s communication pathways, and can affect the way brain looks and works, that led to mod swings, change in behaviour etc.

Social problems due to alcoholism: alcoholism related problems can be divided into two groups:

  • Problems caused by individual occasions of drinking.
  • Prolonged consumption of alcohol.

Problems caused by occasional and often rather heavy drinking include alcohol poisoning and various accidents linked with intoxication, such as drowning, or injuring oneself by falling. Alcohol related violence like fights and battering  , include domestic violence , is also commonplace. Some of the best known consequences of prolonged, excessive consumption of alcohol include hepatic cirrhosis , alcoholism and diseases of the pancreas.